What Happens In Your Body During Ovulation?

1,584 people found this helpful - 44 Comments

One of the most tightly regulated functions of the human body is the female menstrual cycle. Five different hormone groups and numerous organs come together to form the cycle responsible for creating new life.

One of the key functions controlled by this cycle is ovulation.

What is ovulation?

Put simply, ovulation is the release of an egg from an ovary. The egg then slowly moves through the fallopian tube towards the uterus.

What is ovulation?

If the egg is fertilized by sperm on the way, it will attach to the lining of the uterus (implantation) and begin its journey as a fetus. If sperm doesn't fertilize it, the egg will die in the fallopian tube and the lining of the uterus will shed, causing a period to occur.

Fertilization and implantation after ovulation

Women are born with two ovaries and two fallopian tubes (left and right). See the image below.

Fallopian tube and ovary

Under normal circumstances only one ovary will release an egg (ovum) per menstrual cycle. Ovulation appears to happen randomly from the left or right ovary. Occasionally eggs are ovulated (released) from both ovaries, which is how fraternal (non-identical) twins can occur.

Section Summary
  • Ovulation is when an egg is released from an ovary.
  • The process is controlled by 5 hormones.
  • Only one ovary releases an egg usually.
  • It happens randomly from the left or right ovary.
  • After leaving the ovary, the egg can be fertilized by a sperm in the fallopian tube.

To understand ovulation in depth we need to go way back to when you were in your mother's womb.

Follicles and egg cells

Prior to an egg being released from an ovary, it has to be nurtured and developed within a structured environment that's perfect for egg development. This structure is called a follicle, a fluid-filled sac containing a microscopic immature egg cell (oocyte).

Primordial follicle

Before you were even born

All of your follicles (eggs) were formed in your ovaries before your were born, during about the 4th month of your fetal life1. At birth you have about 400,000 follicles per ovary2.

Primodial follicles

Each follicle has the potential to release an egg during ovulation, but only about 400 will actually reach this stage in your lifetime. The rest are lost (die) in a process called atresia.

The total number of follicles remaining at any given time is known as the ovarian reserve and it slowly declines at a steady rate up until the age of about 37, or when the ovarian reserve has reduced to having only 25,000 follicles. After this, the rate of decline doubles until only about 1,000 remain at menopause3.

In a 2007 study4, researchers counted the ovarian reserve of 122 women aged between 0 and 51. See the graph below for a visual representation of the average ovarian reserve by age group.

Ovarian reserve declines by age

Section Summary

  • You were born with all the follicles you will ever have (about 400,000 per ovary).
  • Each follicle contains an immature egg.
  • Out of the hundreds of thousands of follicles you were born with, only about 400 release an egg (400 ovulations), the rest die trying.
  • Your follicle reserve (ovarian reserve) declines until menopause.

Follicle recruitment and development

After your follicles are formed (before birth), they stop developing and lie dormant (rest) before developing further. At this stage the follicles are called primordial follicles. Amazingly, these follicles can wait up to 50 years before being recruited to develop further. They have to go through many stages of development before becoming one of the 400 follicles that makes it all the way to the ovulation phase.

What is recruitment?

Follicles are recruited in groups or cohorts to further develop to the next stage. Effectively, recruitment is like a signal that allows follicles to continue growing rather than die5. The initial Recruitment is when a primordial follicle is stimulated to reinitiate development. It is the first step of follicle development, a process that takes over a year, or approximately 13 menstrual cycles.

This process of recruitment and development, which is regulated by hormones is called folliculogenesis. Approximately 1,000 primordial follicles are recruited in groups or cohorts per month, the goal being to produce a single dominant follicle that will release an egg during the ovulation phase.

Although follicle recruitment and development starts before birth, the main part of follicle development begins after puberty, as soon as a regular menstrual cycle is established.

Section Summary
  • All of your follicles were made before you were born.
  • They then stop developing and lie dormant until recruited.
  • Each month, a pool of follicles (about 1,000) are recruited to develop further.
  • Full development takes over a year and many stages.
  • During each stage of development, only some follicles are recruited to continue to the next stage. The rest die.

Stages of development

There are several stages of development follicles must go through for an egg to mature.

Primordial (dormant) >> Primary >> Secondary >> Tertiary >> Pre-ovulatory


Follicle development stages

At any given time, your ovaries contain follicles at every stage of development. It takes roughly 375 days for a follicle to develop to ovulation stage.

Follicle timeline

Each pool of recruited follicles is spread across both ovaries. The pool of follicles compete with each other for dominance (to be the follicle that releases an egg in ovulation). Over the next 12 cycles, most will die with just a few making it into the 13th cycle.

Follicle development

At the end of the 12th cycle (about 15 to 20 days before ovulation) a few follicles (about 5 per ovary) are recruited to participate in the 13th cycle. These follicles compete which each other for about a week, until one starts to outgrow the others6.

The others give up and die. The single dominant follicle (pre-ovulatory follicle) then quickly grows to over 20mm in diameter, causing it to rupture and release your egg cell (now matured) out of the ovary and into the fallopian tube - this is ovulation.

Follicle size

The pace of follicle development is often misrepresented, with many sources suggesting that a follicle develops only within the follicular phase (the first two weeks of the cycle). As mentioned, follicle development takes over a year. It is only during the follicular phase of 13th cycle that a follicle grows to pre-ovulatory stage.

Section Summary
  • It takes several stages; over a period of 375 days (about 13 cycles) for a follicle to develop and reach pre-ovulatory stage.
  • Each pool of follicles compete with each other for dominance (to be the single follicle that releases an egg).
  • By the time the pool has reached the 13th cycle (the cycle in which one of them will release an egg), only a few of the pool remain.
  • These follicles compete which other for the final time during the follicular phase of the 13th cycle.
  • After about a week, one will start to outgrow the others, the others will die.
  • The dominant follicle quickly grows to over 20mm and then ruptures - releasing an egg out of the ovary: "ovulation".
  • Whilst all this is happening, other pools are also competing against each other for the next ovulation. At any given time your ovaries contain follicles at all stages of development.

Controlled by hormones

Chemical messengers called hormones tightly control the folliculogenesis process. A part of your brain called the pituitary gland is given signals to release follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), which are released into the bloodstream and then act on the ovaries. Here is a summary of how hormones control follicle development and ovulation:

Diagram showing where hormones move to control ovulation.

Ovulation hormones

Ovulation is just one phase of the menstrual cycle

Menarche marks the beginning of the menstrual cycle and ovulation. Menarche means 'month' and 'beginning' in Greek and is the time when a female has her first menstrual bleeding (period). The average age of menarche is 12.5 years in the US7. By this age, women are estimated to have only 180,000 follicles left per ovary8 (you start with 400,000 in each).

You usually ovulate once per menstrual cycle. A menstrual cycle can be best described as a pattern of changes that happen in both the ovary (called the ovarian cycle) and uterus (called the uterine cycle) simultaneously. Ovulation is one phase within the ovarian cycle.

The menstrual cycle is actually two cycles each containing 3 phases, they are;

Ovarian cycle: Follicular phase > Ovulation phase > Luteal phase
Uterine cycle: Menstruation phase > Proliferative phase > Secretory phase

However, most people commonly refer to the phases as per the below diagram:

Ovulation during cycle

Your cycle length is counted in days from the first day of your period, until the day before your next period. In a textbook cycle, ovulation occurs on day 14 of a 28-day cycle. Varying cycle lengths will result in ovulation occurring on a different day.

Many things happen simultaneously during your cycle: hormones are rising and falling, follicles are developing in the ovaries, the uterus sheds (menstrual bleeding) and builds a new lining, the cervix changes and produces cervical mucus, the dominant follicle releases a mature egg during ovulation and even your temperature changes.

Menstrual cycle hormones ovary uterus chart

To see how all these important functions work together to create ovulation, take a look at the table below. Note, this is based on a typical 28-day cycle. For longer or shorter cycles, the follicular phase events would happen over less or more days.

Days What's happening in the ovary? What's happening in the uterus? Hormones
1-5 Follicular phase - Follicles further develop and compete for dominance, one outgrows the others. Menstruation phase - The inner lining of the uterus breaks and is shed as a discharge of blood. LH and FSH act on ovaries to stimulate follicle growth.   The follicles produce estrogen and progesterone.
6-11 Follicular phase - A single dominant follicle continues to grow - the egg inside is maturing and begins producing estrogen. Proliferative phase - Estrogen causes a new uterus lining to grow in preparation for implantation. The follicles produce estrogen and progesterone.
12-13 Follicular phase - The rise in LH gives the egg a final push to mature over the next 24-36 hours. Proliferative phase Rising levels of estrogen reach a point that causes a rapid rise in LH.
14 Ovulation phase - The follicle wall ruptures and releases the mature egg from the ovary. Proliferative phase  
15-20 Luteal phase - The remains of the follicle that released the egg forms a structure called the corpus luteum. Secretory phase - Progesterone prepares the uterus lining for implantation and is also responsible for the side effect of raising your basal body temperature (BBT). Corpus luteum produces progesterone.
21-28 If the egg was fertilized Luteal phase - The corpus luteum continues to release progesterone. Secretory phase - After about 9 days the egg attaches to the uterus wall (implantation). Embryo releases human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG).   Corpus luteum produces progesterone until the placenta takes over.
21-28 If the egg was NOT fertilized Luteal phase - The corpus luteum transforms into the corpus albicans. Secretory phase - Without progesterone the uterus lining begins to break up and is eventually shed again (a new cycle begins). Hormones fall back to their original levels.

The diagram below shows how some of the phases of the ovarian and uterine cycles overlap.

Ovarian and uterine cycles

Section Summary
  • Ovulation is one part of the menstrual cycle.
  • The menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of one period to the day before the next period.
  • The menstrual cycle consists of a pattern of events that happen in BOTH the ovary and uterus.
  • The phases of the ovary are: Follicular > Ovulation > Luteal
  • The phases of the uterus are: Menstrual > Proliferative > Secretory

What happens after ovulation?

After ovulation, the egg (ovum) is swept up by the end of the fallopian tube (fimbriae). The fallopian tube gently moves the ovum towards the uterus. The egg must be fertilized within 12 to 24 hours, or else it will degenerate (die) in the fallopian tube.

The remains of the follicle that released the egg transforms into the corpus luteum, a structure that produces progesterone. Progesterone helps prepare the uterus lining for implantation.

If fertilisation occurs

Fertilization usually occurs in the upper third of the fallopian tube. If a sperm does fertilize the egg, the fertilized egg, now called a zygote (fertilized ovum) divides into two identical cells and continues to subdivide whilst it slowly moves down the fallopian tube and into the uterus. After about nine days it will attach (implant) to the uterus wall (endometrium) where it continues to grow. The corpus luteum (remains of the follicle inside the ovary) produces progesterone which prepares the uterus lining for possible implantation. See the diagram below.

Ovulation to implantation

If fertilization does not occur

If the egg is not fertilized, the corpus luteum stops producing progesterone (after 10-12 days) and transforms into the corpus albicans, eventually transforming into scar tissue. The lack of progesterone causes the uterus lining to start to break up until it can no longer support itself. The lining of the uterus will then shed and a menstrual period will commence as the egg did not implant into the uterus wall. See diagram showing days after ovulation in cycle 13.

Corpus Luteum

Section Summary
  • After ovulation, the egg enters the fallopian tube and slowly moves in the direction of the uterus.
  • The corpus luteum (remains of the follicle that released the egg) starts to produce a hormone which helps prepare the uterus lining for possible implantation.
  • The egg can only survive for 12-24 hours unless fertilized by a sperm.
  • If it is fertilized it will continue moving through the fallopian tube, subdividing as it goes. After about nine days it will implant into the wall of the uterus where it will grow into a fetus.
  • If it is not fertilized, it will degenerate and disintegrate in the fallopian tube. The corpus luteum also degenerates, causing the uterus wall to break up and eventually shed as a period.

When do you ovulate?

Most women ovulate about 15 days before their next period, however, cycle lengths can vary from woman to women and even for the same woman. But here's the critical point: the follicular phase (the part of the cycle before ovulation) is the part of the cycle which varies. To the contrary, the luteal phase (the phase after ovulation) stays consistent for the same woman and is typically 14 days long.

Ovulation happens before the luteal phase, so if most women have a luteal phase of 14 days, they ovulate 15 days before their next period. Obviously, if your luteal phase is longer or shorter (for most women it is between 12-16 days), you would ovulate on a different day (for example, 14 days before your next period if your luteal phase is 13 days).

Follicular phase varies ovulation The probability of ovulating mid cycle is 30.1%, see the chart below to learn more. (based on WHO data 1981)

Ovulation mid cycle stats

In a recent survey we asked 26,262 women how long their menstrual cycle is normally. 81% said 21-35 days.

Menstrual cycle length survey

It's also interesting to know that 78% of women incorrectly estimated their average cycle length before they began tracking their periods. See the graph below.

Estimated verses observed cycle lengths

Section Summary
  • Most women ovulate 15 days before their next period.
  • The length of the follicular phase (the phase before ovulation) can vary.
  • Once ovulation has occurred, the next period begins in about 12-16 days.

How do I know when I'm ovulating?

You're not alone if you don't already know. In fact, in a recent survey we asked 26,261 women if they know their natural fertility signs and 72% answered "no".

Natural fertility signs survey results

One way to predict ovulation is by using an ovulation prediction kit (OPK). Most OPKs work by detecting an increase of LH in your urine. Remember LH surges about 24-36 hours before ovulation. We asked 26,340 women that were trying to conceive, if they had used an OPK before and only 20% had. See the results below.

Ovulation survey result

There are 12 signs and symptoms of ovulation which can help you to understand when you have ovulated and when you are likely to ovulate in the future.

Ovulation and Your Fertile Window

Now that you know when you ovulate, you can calculate when you are fertile each cycle.

There are only six days per cycle that unprotected sexual intercourse can result in fertilization. This is known as your fertile window.

The reason for this is because sperm can survive for up to five days in the reproductive tract and the egg can survive up to 24 hours, giving you a maximum fertile window of six days. However, most of the sperm will be destroyed within minutes and many will not last five days, so it's more likely that an egg gets fertilized from sperm that were ejaculated in the few days before ovulation rather than four or five days before. Likewise, sperm ejaculated close to, or after ovulation, are less likely to fertilize an egg due to the egg degenerating within 12-24 hours of ovulation. See the amazing Journey of Sperm for more information.

Fertile window ovulation

We asked 26,247 women who were trying to get pregnant, how many times they normally have sex during their fertile window. 38% said they didn't know when their fertile window is.

Fertile window sex survey results

Section Summary
  • You are only fertile for six days per cycle (fertile window).
  • Sperm can live for up to five days.
  • Your egg can live for 12-24 hours, unless fertilized.

Frequently asked questions about ovulation

Can you ovulate more than once per cycle?

It's been proven in a 2003 study in Canada that it is possible for women to actually ovulate more than once a cycle9. This may explain why natural family planning and hormonal contraceptives may sometimes fail and cause pregnancy. Up to 40% of women have the biological potential to produce more than one egg per month, meaning there is a possibility of being fertile at any time of the month. Research in this area is relatively scarce, therefore further studies need to be conducted to further explain this phenomenon.

This study does however reinforce the fact that having sex daily when you're trying to fall pregnant is the best method for conception and increasing your fertility.

Do both ovaries release eggs?

Usually only one ovary will release an egg during ovulation. Hormones are acting on your ovaries to stimulate follicle growth (across both ovaries), but only one starts to outgrow the others and become the dominant follicle. However, occasionally eggs are released from both ovaries, if they were both fertilized, the result would be fraternal (non-identical) twins.

How long after ovulation does the egg implant?

Implantation of a fertilized egg usually happens nine days after ovulation but can range from six to 12 days. When the egg implants into the wall of the uterus, a small amount of blood vessels are ruptured and the lining of the uterus is disrupted. This causes a small amount of bleeding known as implantation bleeding.

This bleeding is characteristic of pregnancy, but most women find it hard to distinguish it from their normal period. One indication of implantation bleeding is that it occurs 2 to 6 days before your normal period is due to begin. Additionally, implantation bleeding often appears as light spotting and a brown colored discharge. For further information on implantation bleeding see our Implantation Bleeding or Period Quiz.

How does my age affect ovulation?

As outlined earlier, you are born with a set number of primordial follicles (eggs); usually about 400,000 per ovary. By the time a woman reaches puberty this number has fallen to about 180,000 per ovary.

After puberty, about 1,000 primordial follicles are recruited per month to compete for dominance over the next 375 days, with only one reaching ovulation - and this happens continuously. This means that about 1,000 eggs die each month (that's about 33 a day).

By age 37, the ovarian reserve for most women has fallen to approximately 25,000.

When the number of eggs decreases, the chance of one of these maturing effectively and being released decreases. Around the age of 32, a woman's chances of fertility begin to decrease to less than 20%. By the age of 40, the risk of miscarriage is greater than the chance of live birth and the chance of conceiving has fallen to 5%10.

Can you ovulate without a period?

Menstrual periods and ovulation go hand in hand. After your egg is released from the ovary, the follicle (now called the corpus luteum) begins to produce the hormone progesterone. This is what causes the uterine lining to thicken. After about eight days of thickening, with no signal from a fertilized egg, the corpus luteum degenerates. The lining begins to break up until it cannot support itself, which results in the lining being shed in what we see as a period.

Ovulation without a period most commonly occurs after conception. As a fertilized egg is occupying your uterine lining, it does not slough off and leave as a period.

The other case is in conditions of uterine scarring. This can be the result of disease such as endometriosis, or surgical procedures such as D&C or a C section. The damaged uterus is unable to produce a lining, which means that while the egg may be being fertilized, it cannot implant into the uterus safely, and cannot grow.

Ovulation without a period is more common in women who have very light periods or who have irregular cycles after surgery. If you are concerned about uterine scarring, see your physician.

What can go wrong with ovulation?

Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) About 10% of women experience a loss of ovary function before age 40, this is known as premature ovarian failure or POF. The ovaries do not produce normal amounts of hormones required for ovulation to occur.

Anovulatory cycles Anovulatory cycles are cycles without ovulation - no egg being released.

Menstruation might still occur, so you may have a normal period, but no egg will be present so you cannot become pregnant. Anovulatory cycles are very disheartening, particularly to women trying to conceive as there seems to be no plausible reason behind it. If you think you might have some signs of anovulatory disorder, see your physician to get checked out.

The difficulty with an ovulation is that most women do not even realize they are not ovulating. By tracking your cycle you may be able to pinpoint the reason why you are having difficulties becoming pregnant.


Understanding the basic science behind ovulation is important for any woman. It becomes particularly crucial when you wish to conceive. Understanding ovulation and making the most of your fertile window is the best way to conceive naturally. Don't be put off by the numbers and tests and peeing on strips. At the end of the day, ovulation is the very first step of your child's life!

Take our Fertility Knowledge Quiz to test your fertility knowledge!

To help you understand ovulation further, take a look at the following infographic.

Click the image to see a larger view
Understanding Ovulation Infographic

Click here to see a larger view of the image

Embed the Understanding Ovulation infographic on your site (copy the code below):

<div style="clear:both"><a href="https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/ovulation/"><img src="https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/img/uploads/2016/03/ovulation-infographic.png" title="Understanding Ovulation" alt="Understanding Ovulation" border="0" /></a></div><div>Courtesy of: <a href="https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/ovulation/">Ovulation Calculator</a></div>


1: http://www.pnas.org/content/107/22/10280.abstract
2: http://www.pnas.org/content/107/22/10280.full
3: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3558758
4: http://humrep.oxfordjournals.org/content/23/3/699.full
5: http://www.biolreprod.org/content/50/2/225.full.pdf
6: http://www.gfmer.ch/Books/Reproductive_health/Folliculogenesis_and_ovulation.html
7: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12671122
8: http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0008772
9: Women may ovulate two or three times a month. Owen Dyer, BMJ 2003 Jul 19
10: Family planning and age-related reproductive risk. David Utting, Susan Bewley The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2011;13:35-41.
What did you learn about ovulation? Leave us a comment or discuss this article here.

New Join the Discussion!

  1. Diana Jul 23, 2016
    It's very interesting I learned a lot from reading the article. l have no clue when I ovulate I tend to get pregnant easy. This month my period came a week early which has never happened before. l don't take no methods of birth control at all l don't know if I ovulated already or close to ovulating my cycle was 26 days this month help please!!
    1. Sarah (OC Team): Hi Diana, please log your periods and cycle data into Ovulation Calculator to get your predictions, then read this: https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/ovulation-symptoms-signs/ - (Jul 24, 2016)
    2. Uwabunkeonye: I need help but I can't join the chat yet. Please help direct me on how to because I am new and I must say I am so pleased with what am getting here. Thanks - (Oct 10, 2016)
    3. Christina (OC Team): Hi and welcome! Are you trying to join the forum? Create an account, if you haven't already, and click on "Community" when you're logged in. - (Oct 10, 2016)
  2. EM Jul 25, 2016
    Great and thorough information with high level of detail unable to find layed out so well on the Internet. Really really helpful! More helpful than my dr's. I have uterine cancer (2nd time). And for 12 years I had normal periods then I had decreasing then no periods, but then years of no periods they tell me most of my eggs are gone. Really makes no sense to have premature ovarian failure and be out of eggs. Shockingly I ovulated this month. Is first time I felt my ovaries twinge since my 20's. Increased insulin, quitting my job beginning of 2015 may have contributed to my moon shot ovulation. Thank you for all this information! I'm thinking the increased estrogen necessary for ovulation to occur is why my uterus is no longer responding to progestin therapy. The level of insulin I take has recently radically been increased and this may have helped too.
    1. Phil (OC Team): Thanks for you comment Em. Glad you found it helpful. - (Jul 26, 2016)
  3. Opalemo Jul 27, 2016
    Wow, am really impressed by this. God bless you
    1. Sarah (OC Team): Thanks for your comment. - (Jul 28, 2016)
  4. Kat Jul 29, 2016
    This is very good and detailed information. Thank you!
    1. Sarah (OC Team): Thanks for your comment Kat! - (Jul 31, 2016)
  5. Osas Aug 02, 2016
    This is very good
  6. Memunat Aug 04, 2016
    This is very informative. I ovulate today. When can I take a pregnancy test?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Most tests are accurate from 2 weeks after conception. But if you want the best chance for an accurate result, test the day after your missed period. You can learn more about testing here https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/pregnancy-test/ - (Aug 04, 2016)
  7. Sandra Aug 07, 2016
    Hi Sarah, If my cycle is 27 days, what is the ovulation day?
    1. Sarah (OC Team): Hi Sandra, You can see your predicted ovulation day in Ovulation Calculator. Go to your Cycle Overview. - (Aug 07, 2016)
  8. Sandra Aug 10, 2016
    Hi Sarah, the discharge is white and creamy. Is this normal?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Creamy, whitish discharge is normal for the period approaching ovulation. Have a look at this article to learn more https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/cervix-cervical-mucus/ - (Aug 10, 2016)
  9. Faith Aug 14, 2016
    Very helpful. TTC for one year. I took clomid this month and had sex two days before ovulation. Hoping for a baby. Thank you.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Good luck! - (Aug 14, 2016)
  10. Joan Aug 16, 2016
    I ve taken clomid for three consecutive times but didn't see EWCM. Did follicular tracking and found dominant follicle sizing 30mm, but ovulation didn't still occur. And I am 41 yrs, so I am worried.
    1. Dorcas: Hi Sarah, does a urinary tract infection affect conception? Because I had an infection around May and the infection went away on its own without any treatment. Since then, I have been trying to get pregnant. What should I do about this? Thanks. - (Aug 20, 2016)
    2. Sarah (OC Team): Hi Dorcas, no, a urinary tract infection should not cause any issues with your fertility. - (Aug 20, 2016)
  11. Dorcas Aug 20, 2016
    Very innovative indeed. Thanks.
  12. SAFIYYA Aug 22, 2016
    Does ovulation happen the day before your period or after your period? I am really confused.
    1. Christina (OC Team): You can't predict your ovulation date by the date of your last period. I'd suggest logging your cycle info into your account here. Then track using another method, such as BBT. More info on that here. https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/basal-body-temperature/ Good luck! - (Aug 22, 2016)
  13. Iyobo Aug 24, 2016
    Hi Sarah I've been trying to conceive for months now. I get confused with my ovulation cycle. I don't know when I ovulate and my period is usually not stable it changes date every month and last for 7-8 days. The last time I saw my period was 11th of July ended the 17th of July and I haven't seen it since then, there's no signs of pregnancy or anything. My discharge is always creamy and sticky sometimes a bit stretchy and creamy mix together.
    I'm confused don't know what to do.
    1. Sarah (OC Team): Make sure you enter all your period start dates into OC, this will help you see your average cycle length. Then log your cycle information such as symptoms, OPK results etc. into your Today's Progress. This will help strengthen your predictions. Then you can view your calendar and fertile window screens to see your predictions. - (Aug 24, 2016)
  14. Eam Sep 03, 2016
    Hi, I forgot to ask. Do i still have a chance of getting pregnant if i only have sex three days of the fertile window. Example: My fertile days is 2,3,4,5 and 6. I ovulated, so if I only have sex during 2,3 or 4, what are my chances? Please help, thanks.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Yes. As long as you have sex within your fertile window, there is a chance you will conceive. Good luck! - (Sep 03, 2016)
  15. Ciru Sep 05, 2016
    I found this very very informative. I have question, though. How does emergency contraception EC affect ovulation for the next cycle? I took EC CD13 and on CD20 of the cycle I had what I think was menses up until CD24, and a week earlier than my expected menses. I had unprotected sex during the menses on CD23 and CD24 (which is CD4 and CD5 of second cycle). On CD31, which is CD12 of second cycle, I spotted pink/brown discharge, is this ovulation or implantation bleeding? I continue to have PMS. Could I be pregnant? I'm so confused. EC sure messed up my cycle.
    1. Christina (OC Team): The only way to know would be to take a test. - (Sep 05, 2016)
  16. Pep Sep 05, 2016
    Hello, thanks for this write up.
    Well I have a question. The Ovulation calculator predicted ovulation to occur on the 19th of August. I had sex on the 15, 16, 18 and 19th. Then had sex on the 22nd and 25th. I was hoping to get a positive PT result. Just started to flow today 5/9/2016. What could have gone wrong? What can I do to improve my chances.
    1. Christina (OC Team): It is normal for a healthy, fertile couple to take a few cycles to conceive. To boost your odds, be certain of your ovulation dates. The calculator will give you a prediction, but you should confirm with another method, such as using OPKs or charting BBT https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/basal-body-temperature/. If you log your results into your account here, your prediction should become more accurate. Good luck! - (Sep 06, 2016)
  17. Nchekwube Sep 08, 2016
    I'm so happy I found this site. I've been trying to conceive for 4 months now, so sad. Please tell me my most fertile day. Thanks.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Log your cycle dates and information into your account here for a prediction. Good luck! - (Sep 08, 2016)
  18. Yvonne Sep 14, 2016
    When is my fertile date?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Log your cycle information into your account here to get a prediction of your fertile window. Good luck! - (Sep 14, 2016)
  19. Glory Sep 29, 2016
    I had my period on 07/09/2016 and it ended on 11/09/2016. Then I had sex on the 21st and 24th. What are my chances?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Were you tracking ovulation? If you had sex within your fertile window (the 6 days leading up to and including your ovulation day), you have a chance to get pregnant in this cycle. Good luck! - (Sep 29, 2016)
  20. Kemi Sep 30, 2016
    Should I continue having sex after fertile days or break?
    1. Christina (OC Team): You can take a break if you'd like. It won't have an impact on your chances either way. Good luck! - (Oct 01, 2016)
  21. QueenKubura Oct 04, 2016
    I had one of my fallopian tubes removed after an enraptured ectopic pregnancy. I want to know if the one tubes will release a fertile egg every cycle.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Mature eggs will still be released from both ovaries, but only one per cycle. They do alternate, but you may have a dominant ovary that ovulates more often than the other. With one tube, it becomes more important to track ovulation. If you're trying to conceive, I'd suggest using OPKs. Good luck! - (Oct 04, 2016)
  22. Dalila Oct 14, 2016
    Ok, so my last cycle was 10/9/16. I believe I am in the stages of ovulation ?
    1. Christina (OC Team): If you've been tracking, you may be right. Good luck! - (Oct 14, 2016)
  23. Nikky Oct 15, 2016
    I had sex on my ovulation window. I mean the two best days to conceive as my predictor kit said, but the next day being the day of my ovulation, I forgot to have sex with my hubby. Tell me if the other days are part of my ovulation because I am about to lose hope. Thanks.
    1. Christina (OC Team): The other days are within your fertile window, so you have a chance. Good luck! - (Oct 17, 2016)
  24. Yaema Oct 17, 2016
    I don't have any signs of ovulation. I already know my fertile days, but I'm not sure if I'm ovulating.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Have you tried using OPKs? - (Oct 17, 2016)
  25. Saa Oct 20, 2016
    I had AF on the 12th of this month (Oct 2016). It flows for three days. And my cycle is regular at 28 days. With your help, I got to understand that my ovulation on CD 14. Is there anything else I still need to know about this? Meanwhile, I remain grateful.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Your fertile window includes the 5 days before and the day of ovulation. This is the best time to TTC. Good luck! - (Oct 21, 2016)
  26. Joy Oct 24, 2016
    My last period was on the 16th of October. When is my ovulation day? My cycle is 24 days.
    1. Christina (OC Team): Log your cycle data into your account here for a prediction. Good luck! - (Oct 24, 2016)
  27. Brenda Oct 24, 2016
    I had my period on August 21 and it lasted for 2 days. In September, it came on the 16th and lasted for 3 days. Then in October, I was expecting the usual 28-day cycle, then it came on 16th October again with heavy flow. I am taking a multivitamin tho, and I'm trying very hard to conceive. How would I calculate such period?
    1. Christina (OC Team): It can be difficult to keep track when your periods are irregular. I'd suggest using the Ovulation Calculator to keep a log, and if you're trying to conceive, try using OPKs to detect ovulation. Good luck! - (Oct 24, 2016)
  28. Christian Oct 27, 2016
    I've been trying to get pregnant for 2 months now using the ovulation calculator, but is not working out for me. What should I do?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Two months is not a long time for TTC. It can take a healthy, fertile couple six months to conceive. Have a look at this article for some more tips https://www.ovulationcalculator.com/increase-fertility/ - (Oct 27, 2016)
  29. NENE Oct 29, 2016
    Thanks for the info
  30. LIsa Nov 08, 2016
    I already have a child and trying so bad for the 2nd one, but I've been trying for 6 years and nothing happened. Any suggestions!??? Thanks!
  31. Ella Nov 09, 2016
    I have been trying for 6 years now and nothing. I already have a child, but I want a second one really bad. What to do?
  32. Nonye Nov 13, 2016
    Thank you so much.
  33. Tatiana Nov 14, 2016
    When can I get pregnant? I have 32-39 days before each period begins and period that lasts about 7 days?
    1. Christina (OC Team): Log your cycle information into your ovulation calculator and you will get a prediction of ovulation and your fertile window. - (Nov 14, 2016)
  34. Sonia Nov 19, 2016
    This is very interesting. I'm currently trying to conceive. My period prediction is for today through the 22nd. So my question is, if I do not get my period during any of those days, would I have a better chance of being pregnant?
    1. Christina (OC Team): If you had sex in your fertile window and don't get your period as anticipated, you should take a pregnancy test. - (Nov 20, 2016)
  35. Anji Nov 19, 2016
    Thank you so much. I am well educated. My sister is a doctor, but never on the internet did I get such detailed explanation of why, when and what. I have been trying for a second child for the past 12 months with one miscarriage. After I downloaded this app, it prompted me with exact dates and I carried out the process as instructed. My period due date is the 22nd, which is early next week. I normally get spotting 7 days before with all other symptoms. This time, the only symptom is tender breasts and a backache. Looking forward to what next week holds and trust it will be good news. I'll be 38 on the 29th of this month, so my body's clock is ticking..... thank you soooooo much. Best regards, Anjali.
  36. Laura Nov 20, 2016
    Great piece of advice. The last day of my ovulation is today, but I think it ended yesterday. Although, there is pain on my thigh. When will be the best day to take a pregnancy test on a 24 day cycle?
    1. Christina (OC Team): If you log your cycle information into your account here, you'll get a prediction of your ovulation and a suggestion of when to test. - (Nov 21, 2016)
  37. Saa Nov 21, 2016
    Hi, this article is so helpful and useful.Through this knowledge, I am glad to say that by his infinite mercy, I finally got it right. And now, I am pregnant. I am sincerely glad to say that I am a potential mother!! Thanks so much for this great knowledge. Forever grateful.
  38. Onyii4jesus Nov 22, 2016
    Is heavy watery fluid after mensuration normal? I don't get it at all. Or is it an infection? Can it prevent me from getting pregnant because I've tried for 5 months now. Please, somebody help me. I want to get pregnant. Please tell me what to do. Thanks.
  39. Tiscia Nov 25, 2016
    I did BD during my fertile days once. Af didn't come when it was suposed to come, and I felt all the symptoms of pregnancy. Now AF came 2 days late. I'm devastated because I didn't expect it. What didn't I do right here?
  40. Jewels Dec 03, 2016
    I have a question. Today is my scheduled ovulation day, but my ovulation test is negative. I've been testing since day 7 of my cycle and the ovulation strip was at its darkest on day 10. After that, the line has become more and more faint. Could I have ovulated earlier? I'm just confused because the ovulation line never got as dark as the control line. Please help.
  41. AANUOLUWAPO Dec 04, 2016
    Very informative. Can one take Clomid without a prescription? I started my period yesterday and a friend told me if I want to take Clomid, I should take it on the first day of my period. I have been trying for a year now. I had a child in 2013 and took the implanon contraceptive on my arm. Got it removed in December of last year and nothing yet till now. Or is this affecting my conception?
    1. Id: I took my implanon out 2 months ago and nothing. I regret getting it. - (Dec 31, 2016)
  42. Chime Dec 05, 2016
    Hi, I don't know when I ovulate and this has being causing problems between me and my husband. My period started on the 3rd of December, 2016. I am a mother with 2 girls looking for a boy.
  43. Chime Dec 06, 2016
    I delivered my second baby girl on September 2016, and my period started on November 13th, which flowed for just 2 days. Now it came out again on the 3rd of December, 2016, with light flow for 2 days. Is this normal or not?
  44. Gift83 Jan 21, 2017
    The article is really interesting and informative. Thanks.

Add your own comment

Drag to See

Close Image