Ovulation is the releasing of the egg by the ovaries that will then be fertilized by the male sperm if conception is to occur. It is one of the main factors in becoming pregnant and knowing when ovulation occurs increases the chances of becoming pregnant. This means that learning how to know when you are ovulating is important to conceiving when you want to and not leaving it to chance.
What is Ovulation?
In order to become pregnant, there must be an egg and a sperm that come together. The egg is released by the ovary during what is known as ovulation. During ovulation, the ovarian follicle releases a mature egg and if it is healthy and fertilized by sperm within its lifespan, typically 12 to 24 hours after being released, conception occurs.
It is important to note that there are signs and symptoms that can help a woman know that her body is ovulating and thus copulate with her mate. Doing this during the window of opportunity, primarily one or two days before ovulation up to one day after ovulation, will increase the likelihood of becoming pregnant immensely.
Recognizing the symptoms that point to ovulation is an important step in conceiving. Some of the symptoms are included below and will help identify when ovulation occurs.
Sex drive: During ovulation a woman’s sex drive tends to increase greatly. This has a two-fold advantage, one, it points out ovulation and two, since ovulation is occurring, sexual intercourse is necessary in order conceive.
Cervical Mucus Change: During ovulation, the mucus in the reproductive organs becomes similar to the consistency and color of egg whites, which is quite watery. In addition, there is much more mucus than at other times during the month when the mucus, if present at all, would be a stickier, creamier consistency. This cervical mucus change is considered to be one of the most precise indicators of ovulation and is easy to notice.
Basal Body Temperature: During ovulation the basal body temperature increases. This is easy to measure using a basal thermometer; however, the rise in temperature is not so noticeable as to be a fever. This symptom is usually only noticed if basal temperature charting is being done.
Pain: Pain or a slight hint of pain on one side of the lower abdomen around the location of the ovaries is another sign that ovulation is occurring. Some women have actual cramping during ovulation.
What to Do When Ovulating?
Once it is determined that ovulation is occurring it is time to get into action and get that egg fertilized. If at all possible, a diary should be kept so that an idea of when ovulation is occurring on a monthly basis. This will help to develop a window of time that conception could occur.
The reason for this is that no one can predict the exact day of ovulation and so one or two days prior to when ovulation is expected and one day after ovulation is ideal. Sperm lives 72 hours and this is the perfect window to allow for conception.
Setting up a Process for Ovulation
Calendar the ovulation for one or two months. It is possible to use an ovulation predictor kit in addition to following the symptoms so that a more accurate window of ovulation is determined. Additionally, having more than one month of dates gives a more accurate picture of when ovulation occurs each month.
Increase the frequency of sexual intercourse; particularly during the time that ovulation is occurring. However, don’t overdo it or the sperm count in the man will be decreased. Having sex at least three times a week is a good way to ensure that fertilization occurs during ovulation, even if no symptoms of ovulation are evident and you have no idea when ovulation occurs. Sexual intercourse three times a week practically guarantees that at some point, ovulation will be occurring or will have occurred.
Even though many people believe that the position during sex does not matter and it is not a scientifically proven fact, the missionary position offers the best chances of conceiving. The main reason is that you are on your back which gives the sperm time to reach the cervix, typically fifteen minutes. If the woman immediately gets up or is in a position that allows the sperm to flow back down rather than move up to the cervix, the chances of conception are lessened.
Understanding when you are ovulating and following some simple steps to ensure that the egg that is released is fertilized will help to increase the chances of becoming pregnant. It isn’t difficult to know when you are ovulating; you simply have to be in tune with your body.