Women who have a menstrual cycle are accustomed to the bleeding, bloating and general miserable feeling that accompanies their cycle. However, they may not be aware of the possibility of bleeding and bloating during ovulation. The good news is that even though bleeding and bloating are possible during ovulation, the duration is much shorter and less intense than what is experienced during the menstrual cycle.
Ovulation Bleeding and other Symptoms
The first thing that a woman needs to understand about bleeding is whether or not it is menstrual bleeding. Most women know approximately when they should start their menstrual cycle each month and so they will notice if the bleeding is before their cycle should start.
In addition to the bleeding being at a time before their cycle is due, the blood will be slightly pink rather than the deep red that is typical of menstrual bleeding. Ovulation bleeding is also not as heavy as bleeding during the menstrual cycle and only lasts one to two days in comparison to the menstrual cycle which is on average 5 to 7 days.
There are other symptoms that may be experienced during ovulation that mimic symptoms that occur during ovulation. Some women report that their breasts become tender and more sensitive, their libido increases dramatically; they have bloating and nausea in addition to the already mentioned bleeding, bloating and cramping. Knowing that these can be symptoms of ovulation will help women know if they are starting their menstrual cycle early or are simply releasing an egg.
Why Bleeding Occurs During Ovulation
There are various causes of bleeding during ovulation and it is not completely understood how or why this bleeding occurs in every case and whether or not it is a normal occurrence. Some of the more common theories for bleeding during ovulation include:
- Decline in estrogen just prior to ovulation. Typically, the decline in ovulation is during the menstrual cycle and the bleeding is normal.
- Rupturing follicles can also cause bleeding during ovulation. Inside the ovaries there are many follicles which contain eggs. One of these eggs will mature and rupture during ovulation. When this occurs, there may be some bleeding.
- Birth control pills can cause bleeding between cycles and thus occur during ovulation. This bleeding typically only occurs the first few months of taking the birth control pills and eventually subsides.
- Fibroid cysts on the ovaries can cause bleeding during ovulation. Polyps on the uterus can also lead to bleeding during the ovulation phase. This bleeding can occur right before, during and immediately after ovulation.
- Infection of the ovaries or fallopian tubes can cause bleeding during ovulation.
- The use of intra uterine devices (IUD) has been associated with bleeding during ovulation.
- Thyroid problems are one of the top reasons for bleeding that occurs during the ovulation phase of the cycle.
- Prolonged bleeding during ovulation that continues regularly for many months during the ovulation phase should be considered an indication of a problem. Endometriosis can cause severe bleeding that occurs during ovulation and can be very dangerous to a woman’s health.
These are just a few of the reasons that have been identified as being the cause of bleeding and bloating during ovulation. There are probably many more that have not been identified by doctors and scientists yet.
Treatment of Ovulation Bleeding
The treatment of bleeding during ovulation depends greatly on the cause of the bleeding. Once a doctor has determined what is causing the bleeding there can be discussion of treatment options. Some of the treatment options are explained below.
- Birth Control: If the bleeding is caused by using birth control pills, the doctor may be able to change the dosage or suggest another form of birth control. Some women only experience bleeding with their birth control pills for a few months, while others have problems taking the pill and must find another birth control method.
- Infection: If it is determined that an infection, cysts or polyps are causing the bleeding, the doctor will take the necessary steps to clear up the infection or remove the cysts. This should stop the bleeding.
- Hormonal Problems: If the bleeding is determined to be due to a hormone problem or thyroid problem, there are medications that can be used to correct the hormone levels and stop the bleeding.
- Follicle Rupturing: This is normal and there isn’t anything that can be done, unless birth control is used to prevent the follicle from erupting. This is usually a very mild episode of slight bleeding.
- IUD: If the use of an IUD is the culprit, the doctor may suggest removing it and finding another birth control method.
There may be other treatments that doctors can suggest once they determine the cause of the bleeding during ovulation. The key is understanding that bleeding and bloating are a normal occurrence in ovulation for most women.